10 Interesting Facts About Gold

3 interesting facts about gold

You’ve probably read, seen, or dreamt about gold. You also most likely heard about how gold is a symbol of wealth and status. It’s no secret that it’s known to make ugly things beautiful. 

But bet you didn’t know, that gold comes third, after rhodium and platinum, on the top 10 list of precious metals. There are many other things you perhaps didn’t know about this precious metal.

Here’re some more interesting facts about gold :

1.It’s One of the Least Reactive Metals

Did you know that gold’s the only metal that’s golden yellow? Other metals may become yellowish, only after they’ve reacted with other chemical materials. It’s also an excellent electricity conductor, which is why almost all sophisticated devices use it for electronic wiring. 

You may have wondered if gold is magnetic. The answer is no, it isn't. Although it’s a metal, gold isn’t magnetic at all. It also doesn’t rust or tarnish, and it’s relatively resistant to air, moisture, or acidic conditions.

    2. It’s Extremely Malleable

Did you know that with a single ounce of hammered gold can measure into a 300-square-foot sheet? Gold is the most malleable element that can be found on the periodic table. A very thin sheet of gold can be transparent enough that it can appear greenish-blue in color. 

    3. It’s Really Ductile 

Gold is in the Guinness World Record database for being the most ductile element. It could be made into the world’s thinnest wire. Imagine, an ounce of gold can be stretched into about 50 miles of thin gold wire, with a thickness of about five millionths of a meter. Isn't it amazing?

    4. It’s an Edible Medicine

Gold is generally considered nontoxic. Gold metal flakes doesn't have toxic effect that it could be eaten and consumed in small quantities in some of the foods. Pure gold is also odorless and tasteless, and can be found as one of the ingredients in some medicines. 

Some people who suffered from rheumatoid arthritis received jabs containing a bit of liquid gold to help decrease inflammation. Unlike other metals, pure gold doesn’t cause irritation of the skin.

    5. It's A Very Rare Metal but Abundant 

Gold has been discovered on all the seven continents. It’s estimated that humans have mined almost 200,000 tons of gold to date.  The current largest single gold storage facility is reported to be the US Federal Reserve Bank in New York

It holds approximately 540,000 gold bars weighing 6,800 tons. Could you have even imagined that an estimated 10 billion tons of gold is in the world's oceans?  Too bad, it’s so adulterated that it can’t be mined.

gold interesting facts

    6. It Has Multi-functions

Gold is used in applications such as electrical wiring, medicine, dentistry, radiation shielding, as well as the coloring of glass. Gold has also been used to reinforce weak teeth because of its malleability. 

The visors of astronauts’ helmets are coated with thin layer of transparent gold with the measure of .000002 inches to reduce glare and heat from the sunlight. 

    7. It’s Indestructible

Gold is virtually indestructible, to be reused, it has to be melted down first. Some pure gold could, however, be so soft that it could be molded using bare hands. Pure gold melts at about 1947.2° Fahrenheit. Gold is also one of the densest metals on earth. A cubic meter weighs about 19,300 kilograms.

    8. All That Glitters Isn’t Gold

Did you know that gold isn't the most expensive metal? In 2018, palladium became the most expensive. Gold is one of the most favored precious metals for investments, but there’re other precious metals that are worth a lot more per kilogram. These include metals such as ruthenium, rhodium, osmium, iridium, and platinum.

    9. Scientific History

Gold is a chemical element with the chemical symbol Au and its atomic number is 79. The scientific symbol for gold—Au—comes from the old Latin word aurum, which means "shining dawn”. 

The Aztec called it "teocuitatl", which translates to "feces of the gods". The Aztecs are a Mesoamerican culture which thrived in central Mexico between the 1300s and 1521.

    10. Discovery History

The oldest golden object was discovered in Bulgaria. The bead was unearthed at a pre-historic settlement in the southern part of Bulgaria and was believed to be from around 4,500-4,600 B.C. 

On the other hand, the biggest gold nugget to exist is the Hand of Faith. It was discovered in 1980 in Australia and can be viewed in Las Vegas at the Golden Nugget Casino.

Gold Interesting Facts

  1. One cubic foot of Gold weighs half a ton.
  2. Gold is chemically inactive and is not affected by air, heat or moisture.
  3. There are more than 400 references to Gold in the King James Bible.
  4. It is estimated that 142,000 tons of Gold have been mined throughout history.
  5. Pure Gold is so soft that it can be moulded by hand.
  6. Gold is edible; Gold flakes may be added to food and drink.
  7. Gold is extremely ductile. A single ounce of gold can be stretched into a gold thread 5 miles long.
  8. The first Gold coins appeared around 700 BC.
  9. On the periodic table of elements, Gold's symbol is AU.
  10. 22 carat (917 parts per thousand) is the standard for UK Gold Coins.
  11. A 'Tola' is a traditional unit of mass used in South Asia. 1 Tola = 3/8 T oz.
  12. Scientists in Australia have found Gold particles in the leaves of Eucalyptus Trees.
  13. Gold has been mined for over 5,000 years.
  14. The coffin found in Tutankhamen's tomb contained around 1.5 tonnes of Gold.
  15. Gold is the most non-reactive of all metals and does not rust.
  16. Gold is so pliable that it can be made into sewing thread.
  17. Gold's atomic number is 79, and its atomic mass is 196.96655 amu.
  18. The melting point of Gold is 1,064.43°C (1,947.97°F).
  19. 'Welsh Gold' is considered extremely rare, and is no longer mined.
  20. Gold found in riverbeds and sifted from rushing water is called 'Alluvial Gold'.
  21. High purity Gold is odourless and tasteless.
  22. Human bones contain 0.016 parts per million of Gold.
  23. Gold ranks 75th in order of abundance of the elements in the Earth's crust.
  24. There is an estimated (mostly unextractable) 9 billion metric tons of Gold in the Sea.
  25. A one troy ounce Gold nugget is rarer to find than a five-carat Diamond.
  26. Gold can conduct heat and electricity.
  27. Apart from copper and caesium, Gold is the only non-white coloured metal.
  28. The average human body contains 0.2 mg of Gold.
  29. All precious metals have their own ISO 4217 currency code; XAU is Gold.
  30. Gold has been discovered on every continent on Earth.


Gold is a fascinating metal that everyone wishes to get their hands on. For millennia, it has stood the test of time as a precious metal. Without it, the world’s financial and economic landscape would have been different. You could learn one or two from the characteristics of gold.

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